While many people are aware of the term obese, they may not know exactly what it means or the impact it could have on a person’s life. Obesity is rightly classed as a medical condition and it occurs when an excessive amount of body fat has been allowed to accumulate in a person’s body. Being obese is likely to have an impact on a person’s health which could see other health problems become more likely and could even reduce the life expectancy if a person.
The medical definition of obesity is when a person’s BMI (Body Mass Index), which is calculated by dividing a person’s kilogram weight by their height in meters, goes over 30.
While there are many reasons why a person should look to avoid becoming obese, there are a number of diseases that a person will be more susceptible to catch if they are obese. Some of these diseases include:
- Heart disease
- Type 2 diabetes
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Particular types of cancer
There are a number of reasons why people may suffer from obesity with the main factors being too much food intake coupled with a lack of physical exercise. There is proof that some people will be more susceptible to becoming obese and a few people can point to issues regarding their genes, endocrine disorders, medication they are taken and even psychiatric illness for being the major factor behind being obese.
The rise in the sedentary lifestyle, where many more people now work in an office or sat behind a computer screen as opposed to doing more manual labor has coincided with a stark rise in obesity levels. It would be safe to assume that there is some correlation between the fact that people are taking less exercise in their daily routine and the rise of obesity.
It was long thought that people who are obese yet seemingly eat little suffer from a slow metabolism but this is not thought to be the case. Research has shown that most obese people will expend a greater amount of energy than a thin person would in doing the same activity due to the additional energy they use in maintaining their larger body mass.
There are ways to combat obesity
When it comes to treating obesity, physical exercise and dieting remain the two biggest ways to combat it. When looking to reduce the calories that a person eats, it is important to lower the number of energy-dense foods, such as foods that are high in fat and sugars. It can also be of benefit to taking on more dietary fiber. When looking to increase the level of physical exercise an obese person takes, it is important to seek medical advice first. It can be dangerous for obese people to carry out exercise without knowing their limits. It is always advised to receive a check-up from a GP or medical practitioner before undertaking any form of weight-loss and this is especially true for people suffering from obesity.
Medical and surgical procedures are available for obese people
Sometimes there is a need for people suffering from obesity to have a helping hand in losing weight and there are a number of ways that this can be done. It is possible to take anti-obesity drugs which will provide a reduction in a person’s appetite or it may decrease the amount of fat that is absorbed alongside a more suitable diet.
If an obese person finds that a combination of exercise, improved diet and medication are unable to reduce weight, surgical procedures such as a gastric band or procedures to reduce the volume of the stomach or length of the bowel may be carried out.
Medical research indicates that obesity is one of the major causes of death in the world and it is certainly one of the most preventable ones. There is an increasing awareness about the problems that come with obesity and it is rightly viewed as one of the biggest health problems that exist in the modern world. While in ancient and historical times, obesity was seen as a sign of wealth, obesity is stigmatized in the present climate. This can add to the sense of depression and frustration that many sufferers feel, causing a negative loop in the emotions and feelings they experience in life.
With obese people more likely to suffer illnesses and disease and need more health care, there is an argument that obesity is a major drain on the economy. This is why so many governments are willing to support the fight against obesity to lower the stress placed on national health services and medical suppliers.